What other symptoms accompany dental problems?
- biting on one side or swallowing food whole,
- prefer wet food,
- more significant amounts of consumed water (pain symptom),
- chronic diarrhoea of unspecified cause,
- non-healing conjunctivitis,
- hyporexia or anorexia
- apathy or lethargy,
- lack of acceptance of touch around the mouth cavity,
- sores /swelling around the lips and
Lack of appetite is scarce because animals have a strongly developed survival instinct.
They need to eat to survive, so they are looking for a way to take food that will cause minor pain.
SANITATION OF THE ORAL CAVITY
Sanitation is a comprehensive, preventive dental procedure performed under general anaesthesia. This dental procedure is divided into several stages:
- dental examination
Using a periodontal probe, the veterinarian examines each tooth separately. Then he examines the lips, palate, tongue, pharyngeal arches, and larynx.
Thanks to general anaesthesia, such examination allows for an accurate assessment of the oral cavity condition.
- scaling, e. removal of tartar using ultrasounds
The next step is to remove the plaque deposits. The veterinarian gently removes the built-up calculus using ultrasound.
Then, the deposits accumulated subgingivally are removed.
- X-ray diagnostics
After cleaning the tooth crowns, we perform an X-ray of the oral cavity to diagnose problems that are beyond the reach of our sight, i.e. under the gums.
Unfortunately, more than 60% of the problems lie there.
- polishing tooth crowns
At the end of the prophylactic treatment, the tooth crowns are polished with a polishing paste.
In dogs, fluoridation can also be conducted to strengthen their enamel. Fluoridation is not performed in cats due to the sensitivity of this species to fluoride.
SURGICAL TREATMENT AND MAXILLARY SURGERY
Surgical treatment is defined here as all procedures related to periodontal and dental diseases, such as extractions, removal of nodular lesions or closure of oronasal fistulas.
Thanks to anaesthesia, we can start surgical treatment immediately during one procedure.
In addition, we perform fracture stabilization procedures within the oral cavity after accidents.
HOW TO TAKE CARE OF THE MOUTH CAVITY?
Remember that many dental problems can be prevented by daily hygiene in our pets. Numerous preparations on the market appear in various forms: pastes, liquids, wet wipes, water preparations or powders that we add to food.
The best prevention is brushing the dog’s and cat’s mouth cavities daily from the first weeks of life!
In addition, each pet should undergo dental check-ups a minimum of once a year, and in animals after the 3-4th year of life, it is recommended to perform a prophylactic dental procedure under anaesthesia to assess the condition of the oral cavity.
RABBIT AND RODENT DENTISTRY
Teeth of rabbits and guinea pigs grow throughout their lives. A properly balanced diet allows for regular abrasion of tooth crowns, thanks to which the teeth have the correct length.
Unfortunately, there are situations in which tooth crowns overgrow. This causes numerous health problems: eating disorders, mouth cavity wounds, malocclusion and inflammation of the periodontium and surrounding tissues.
In these species, dental check-ups are recommended at least once a year.
Shortening tooth crowns are performed under anaesthesia, as it allows for a thorough assessment of each tooth and precise performance.